Alpine Mastiff

Unavailable Price Avg.




Breed Type



10-12 years


Breed Information

Group Extinct
Popularity/Rank 538
Origin Switzerland
Other Names Alpine Molosser
Breed Type Purebred
Price (Avg.) Unavailable
Size Giant
Weight 340-350 pounds (154-160 kg)
Height 35-40 inches (89-101 cm)
Lifespan 10-12 years
Recognized by
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. And Not recognized by FCI.
Purpose Protection
Date of Origin 1899
Ancestry Mountain Mastiff

Appearance & Maintenance

Coat Rough
Coat Colors Brindle, Brown
Grooming Level
Shedding Level
Eye Color Possibilities Hazel, Amber, Brown, Blue, Green
Nose Color Possibilities Black, Brown, Liver, Blue, Gray
Coat Color Possibilities Fawn, Brindle, Gray, Black, White, Apricot
Coat Length Long
Coat Density Medium
Coat Texture Double-Coated
Recommended Brushes Slicker brush, pin brush, shedding blade, undercoat rake, mat comb, nail clippers.
Brushing Frequency 2-3 times per week

Breed Characteristics

Temperament Friendly
Sensitivity Level
Affection Level
Social Interaction Required
Watchdog Ability
Biting Force Low
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Prey Drive
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Fighting Dog Not really

Good & Friendly with

Apartment Life Friendly
Stranger Friendly
Cat Friendly
Dog Friendly
Office Friendly No
Senior Citizens Friendly
Pet Friendly
Friendly with First Time Owners No
Service Dog Not really
Therapy Dog Not really
Detection, Sniffer or Security Dog Not really
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
Boat Dog Not really
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really

Health Elements

Health Issues
Hypoallergenic No
Energy Level
Exercise Required
Sleeping Required
Weight Gain Potential
Weather & Climate Prefers average to cold weather conditions
Stinkiness High
Drooling tendency
Activity Level Low
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week 10 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day 30-60 minutes

Food & Costing

Avg. Daily Food 15 to 16 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Cups Per Day 4-6 cups
Daily Cost $50-$100
Monthly Cost $100-$200


Gestation Duration 60-64 days
How often can the Alpine Mastiff have a litter? Once a year.
Litter Size 5-12 puppies (Once a year.)


The Alpine Mastiff is a large and powerful breed of dog that originated in the Swiss Alps. This breed is known for its strength, loyalty, and intelligence. The Alpine Mastiff has a thick double coat that can be either short or long, depending on the individual dog. The coat colors range from black to white, with some dogs having brindle markings. The average lifespan of an Alpine Mastiff is between 10-12 years.

The size of an Alpine Mastiff varies depending on gender; males typically weigh between 110-130 pounds while females are usually smaller at 90-110 pounds. They have a muscular build with strong legs and broad chests that make them well suited for outdoor activities such as hiking and running.

The personality of an Alpine Mastiff is one of loyalty and protectiveness towards their family members. They are intelligent dogs who are eager to please their owners and learn new commands quickly. They can be aloof around strangers but will warm up once they get to know them better.

Alpine Mastiffs are generally friendly with other dogs, children, and other animals if they have been properly socialized from a young age. However, due to their size they should always be supervised when interacting with small children or animals in order to prevent any accidents from occurring due to their strength or size difference.

The temperament of an Alpine Mastiff is one of calmness and patience; they do not bark excessively unless provoked or startled by something unexpected in their environment. They also tend to be independent thinkers who enjoy problem solving tasks such as agility courses or obedience training exercises which can help keep them mentally stimulated throughout the day when given the opportunity to do so by their owners.

The health of an Alpine Mastiff is generally good but like all breeds there are certain health issues that may arise over time such as hip dysplasia or eye problems which should be monitored closely by your veterinarian if you own one of these dogs as pets . Additionally, regular grooming sessions should also be done in order to keep their coats healthy looking all year round since this breed does shed quite heavily during certain times throughout the year .

When it comes to adaptability level ,the Alpine Mastiffs do well in both rural and urban environments provided they receive enough exercise each day . This breed loves being outdoors so providing them with plenty opportunities for physical activity will help ensure that they stay happy ,healthy ,and contented throughout life . As far as benefits go , owning an alpine mastiff means having a loyal companion who will always look out for you no matter what situation arises . These dogs make great watchdogs due to their alertness but also provide unconditional love which makes them wonderful family pets too !


The Alpine Mastiff is a large, powerful dog breed that is native to the Alps mountain range in Europe. The breed is also known as the Alpine Dogue, the Alpine Mastino, and the Italian Mastiff. The Alpine Mastiff is one of the oldest dog breeds in existence, and it is thought to be the ancestor of many other large breeds such as the Saint Bernard, the Great Pyrenees, and the Anatolian Shepherd. The breed nearly became extinct in the early 20th century but was saved by a few dedicated breeders who worked to revive it. Today, the Alpine Mastiff is still relatively rare but is slowly gaining popularity as a family pet and working dog.

The Alpine Mastiff has a long and fascinating history. The breed is thought to have originated in Asia over 5,000 years ago and was brought to Europe by Roman soldiers during their invasion of Italy. The Alpine Mastiff quickly became a popular guard dog and hunting companion among European nobility and royalty. In fact, King Louis XVI of France owned an Alpine Mastiff named "Boule", who famously accompanied him during his escape from Paris during the French Revolution.

During World War I, many Alpine Mastiffs were killed or used for food due to their large size. This, combined with a lack of interest from European nobility after the war, led to a sharp decline in numbers. By the early 1900s, there were only a handful of Alpine Mastiffs left in existence. However, thanks to the efforts of dedicated breeders, the breed was revived and slowly began to grow in popularity once again.

The Ancestry of today's alpine mastiffs can be traced back to Asia more than 5 millennia ago1 . It's believed that mastiff-type dogs were first domesticated there before being brought westward by Alexander's armies as they swept through Persia en route to India around 327 BC1 . These dogs eventually made their way into Rome where they became popular among nobles as both guard dogs and hunting companions1 .

During medieval times, mastiffs were used extensively in warfare due largely to their size and strength 1 . It's believed that English knights returning from battle in France during the Hundred Years' War brought back with them several French mastiffs which they then bred with English mastiffs 1 . These "Alpine" mastiffs eventually made their way into Switzerland where they acquired their name 1 .

Alpine mastiffs nearly became extinct early in the 20th century but were saved by just a few dedicated breeders1 . Their popularity has been on the rise ever since and today they're recognized by both major kennel clubs: The American Kennel Club (AKC)2 and United Kennel Club (UKC)3 .