Basque Ratter

USD $1200 - $1500 Price Avg.

Hunting Dogs



Breed Type



12-15 years


Breed Information

Group Hunting Dogs
Popularity/Rank 335
Origin Spain
Other Names Enkarterriko billanuko, Little Villein of Las Encartaciones, Rat hunting dog, Ratonero vasco, Villanuco de Las Encartaciones Basque, Villanucu
Breed Type Purebred
Price (Avg.) USD $1200 - $1500
How much does it cost to purchase a Basque Ratter?
The price of a Basque Ratter will vary from breeder to breeder as well as from place to place. As a rough guide, you should expect to pay between $1200 to $1500 per Basque Ratter if you purchase from a reputable breeder. Prices will be higher for show-quality dogs with a distinguished pedigree. Adult dogs who have already been trained may cost even more. It is usually less expensive to adopt a Basque Ratter through a shelter.
Size Small
Weight 10-25 pounds (6-11kg)
Height 10-13 inches (21-33 cm)
Lifespan 12-15 years
Recognized by
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. And Not recognized by FCI.
Purpose Companionship
Date of Origin 18th century
Ancestry European

Appearance & Maintenance

Coat Harsh, Thick
Coat Colors Black, Copper, Fawn, Red
Grooming Level
Shedding Level
Eye Color Possibilities Black, Brown, Amber, Hazel, Blue
Nose Color Possibilities Black, Brown, Liver, Red, Tan
Coat Color Possibilities Fawn, Brindle, White, Black, Red, Blue, Sable, Tan
Coat Length Short
Coat Density Medium
Coat Texture Double-Coated
Recommended Brushes Slicker brush, pin brush, comb, mat rake, shedding blade, undercoat rake.
Brushing Frequency 2-3 times per week

Breed Characteristics

Temperament Adaptable, Calm, Curious, Hunting, Outgoing, Tolerant
Sensitivity Level
Affection Level
Social Interaction Required
Watchdog Ability
Biting Force Low
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Prey Drive
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Fighting Dog Not really

Good & Friendly with

Apartment Life Friendly
Stranger Friendly
Cat Friendly
Dog Friendly
Office Friendly No
Senior Citizens Friendly
Pet Friendly
Friendly with First Time Owners Yes
Service Dog Not really
Therapy Dog Not really
Detection, Sniffer or Security Dog Not really
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
Boat Dog Not really
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really

Health Elements

Health Issues
Hypoallergenic No
Energy Level
Exercise Required
Sleeping Required
Weight Gain Potential
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
Drooling tendency
Activity Level Moderate
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week 10 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day 30-60 minutes

Food & Costing

Avg. Daily Food 3/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Cups Per Day 1/2 cup
Daily Cost $10-$20
Monthly Cost $50-$100


Gestation Duration 60-64 days
How often can the Basque Ratter have a litter? Once a year.
Litter Size 1-6 puppies (Once a year.)


The Basque Ratter is a small, energetic breed of dog that originated in the Basque region of Spain. This breed is known for its intelligence, loyalty, and affectionate nature. The Basque Ratter has a unique appearance with its short legs and long body. It has a wedge-shaped head with large ears that stand erect on the top of its head. Its eyes are almond-shaped and dark brown in color. The coat of the Basque Ratter is short and dense, usually white or cream in color with black or tan markings on the face, chest, and legs.

The lifespan of the Basque Ratter is between 12 to 15 years when properly cared for. They typically weigh between 8 to 10 pounds and stand at around 11 inches tall at the shoulder.

The personality of the Basque Ratter is friendly and loyal to their owners but can be wary around strangers until they get to know them better. They are intelligent dogs that love to please their owners but can also be independent thinkers when it comes to problem solving tasks or activities they enjoy doing on their own terms.

Basque Ratters are generally friendly with other dogs as well as cats if they have been socialized from an early age; however, they may not do well with smaller animals such as rodents due to their hunting instincts kicking in when presented with prey-like creatures. They are also very good with children if raised together from puppyhood; however, due to their small size it’s important that children understand how fragile these dogs can be so they don’t accidentally hurt them while playing together.

The temperament of the Basque Ratter is alert yet gentle; they make excellent watchdogs due to their keen sense of hearing but won’t bark excessively unless there’s something worth barking about! They love being active outdoors but will also happily curl up next to you for some cuddle time indoors too!

When it comes to health issues, this breed tends not suffer from any major health problems; however like all breeds regular vet checkups should still be done just in case any minor issues arise over time which could easily be treated before becoming more serious conditions later down the line if left untreated for too long..

In terms of adaptability level this breed does quite well living both indoors or outdoors depending on your preference; however since these dogs were bred as working farm dogs originally it would be best suited living an active lifestyle outdoors where it can run around freely without having too much space restrictions indoors which could lead them feeling frustrated over time if not given enough exercise daily..

Finally one last benefit worth mentioning about owning a Basque Ratter dog as a pet would have to be how easy going these little guys tend to be when it comes interacting with other people or animals making them great companions for those who want an affectionate yet low maintenance pet!


The Basque Ratter is a small, rare breed of dog that is native to the Basque region of Spain. The breed is also known as the Perro de presa canario, or Canary Mastiff. The Basque Ratter is believed to be descended from the ancient Roman Molosser dogs. The breed was used for hunting and guarding livestock in the Basque region. By the early 20th century, the Basque Ratter was on the verge of extinction due to cross-breeding with other breeds of dogs. In recent years, there has been a resurgence in popularity for the Basque Ratter, and the breed is now recognized by several kennel clubs.

The history of the Basque Ratter dog can be traced back to ancient Rome. The breed is believed to be descended from the Roman Molosser dogs. These dogs were used for hunting and guarding livestock in the Roman Empire. The first recorded mention of the Basque Ratter dog was in a Spanish document from 1526. The document described a type of small, black dog that was used for hunting rabbits in the Pyrenees Mountains.

By the early 20th century, the Basque Ratter was on the verge of extinction due to cross-breeding with other breeds of dogs. In order to save the breed, a group of Spanish fanciers established a kennel club for the Basque Ratter in 1924. The kennel club worked to promote and preserve the purity of the breed. In recent years, there has been a resurgence in popularity for the Basque Ratter, and the breed is now recognized by several kennel clubs.