Cairn Terrier

USD $700-$1000 Price Avg.

Hunting Dogs



Breed Type



12-15 years


Breed Information

Group Hunting Dogs
Popularity/Rank 69
Origin Scotland
Other Names Cairn, Toto Dog
Breed Type Purebred
Price (Avg.) USD $700-$1000
How much does it cost to purchase a Cairn Terrier?
The price of a Cairn Terrier will vary from breeder to breeder as well as from place to place. As a rough guide, you should expect to pay between $700 to $1000 per Cairn Terrier if you purchase from a reputable breeder. Prices will be higher for show-quality dogs with a distinguished pedigree. Adult dogs who have already been trained may cost even more. It is usually less expensive to adopt a Cairn Terrier through a shelter.
Size Small
Weight Male: 14-18 pounds (6-8 kg),
Female: 13-17 pounds (6-8 kg)
Height Male: 10-13 inches (25-33 cm),
Female: 9-12 inches (23-30 cm)
Lifespan 12-15 years
Recognized by AKC, FCI
The American Kennel Club in 1913 as a Terrier breed. And FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section.
Purpose Hunting
Date of Origin 1500s
Ancestry Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier, West Highland White Terrier

Appearance & Maintenance

Coat Waterproof
Coat Colors Black, Brindle, Cream, Gray, Red, Silver, Wheaten
Grooming Level
Shedding Level
Eye Color Possibilities Brown
Nose Color Possibilities Black
Coat Color Possibilities Black, Brindle, Cream, Gray, Red
Coat Length Medium
Coat Density Normal
Coat Texture Wiry
Recommended Brushes Comb, Nail Clipper, Scissors, Slicker Brush
Brushing Frequency Monthly

Breed Characteristics

Temperament Active, Assertive, Brave, Courageous, Daring, Fearless, Intelligent
Sensitivity Level
Affection Level
Social Interaction Required
Watchdog Ability
Biting Force Low
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Prey Drive
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Fighting Dog Not really

Good & Friendly with

Apartment Life Friendly
Stranger Friendly
Cat Friendly
Dog Friendly
Office Friendly Yes
Senior Citizens Friendly
Pet Friendly
Friendly with First Time Owners Yes
Service Dog Not really
Therapy Dog Not really
Detection, Sniffer or Security Dog Not really
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
Boat Dog Not really
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really

Health Elements

Health Issues
Health Problems Cataracts, Craniomandibular Osteopathy, Cryptorchidism, Glaucoma, Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Hypothyroidism, Legg-perthes Disease, Luxating Patella, Microvascular Dysplasia, Portosystemic V
Hypoallergenic Yes
Energy Level
Exercise Required
Sleeping Required
Weight Gain Potential
Weather & Climate Prefers average to cold weather conditions
Stinkiness Medium
Drooling tendency
Activity Level High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week 9 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day 60 minutes

Food & Costing

Avg. Daily Food 0.5 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Cups Per Day 1.3 cups
Daily Cost $1.00 - $1.25
Monthly Cost $25.00 - $30.00


Gestation Duration 60-64 days
How often can the Cairn Terrier have a litter? Once a year.
Litter Size 2-10 puppies (Once a year.)


The Cairn Terrier is a small, sturdy breed of dog that originated in Scotland. They are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and playful nature. The Cairn Terrier has a distinctive appearance with its shaggy coat and short legs. They come in a variety of colors including black, white, gray, red, and wheaten.

The average lifespan of the Cairn Terrier is 12-15 years. They typically weigh between 13-14 pounds and stand 10-11 inches tall at the shoulder. The Cairn Terrier has a double coat that requires regular brushing to keep it looking its best.

The personality of the Cairn Terrier is one of intelligence and loyalty. They are very active dogs that love to play and explore their surroundings. They are also very independent thinkers which can make them difficult to train at times but they do respond well to positive reinforcement methods such as clicker training or reward based training methods.

Cairn Terriers are generally friendly with other dogs, cats, children, and other animals if they have been properly socialized from an early age. However they can be territorial so it’s important to introduce them slowly into new situations or environments where there may be other animals present in order to ensure everyone gets along safely together.

The temperament of the Cairn Terrier is one of alertness and curiosity which makes them great watchdogs as they will bark when something unusual happens in their environment or when someone unfamiliar approaches their home or yard area.

Health wise the Cairn Terrier is generally quite healthy but like all breeds there are some health issues that can affect them such as hip dysplasia or eye problems so it’s important to keep up with regular vet checkups for your pet in order to catch any potential problems early on before they become more serious issues down the line for your pet’s health and wellbeing .

In terms of adaptability level the Cairn Terriers do well both indoors as well as outdoors depending on what type of lifestyle you lead with your pet . If you live an active lifestyle then taking your pet out for daily walks or hikes would be beneficial for both you and your pet however if you prefer more sedentary activities then having plenty of toys around for your pet indoors would help keep them entertained while still providing plenty of mental stimulation .

Overall ,the benefits that come from owning a Cairn terrier include having an intelligent , loyal companion who loves being around people , playing games , exploring new places ,and being part of family life . With proper care ,training ,and socialization these little dogs make wonderful pets who will bring lots joy into any home !


The Cairn Terrier is a small, hardy terrier breed that originates from the Isle of Skye in Scotland. The breed was used for hunting rodents and other small animals, and was nearly extinct by the early 20th century. However, a few dedicated breeders kept the Cairn Terrier alive and eventually helped to make it one of the most popular terrier breeds in the world.

The Cairn Terrier's ancestors are thought to include the Scottish Terrier, West Highland White Terrier, and Skye Terrier. The breed was first recognized as a distinct breed in 1909 by the Kennel Club (UK) and in 1912 by the American Kennel Club.

Today, the Cairn Terrier is a popular companion dog and is known for being intelligent, playful, and loyal. They are relatively easy to train and make great family pets.

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