Group: Working Dogs

Popularity/Rank: 36

Origin: Canada

Breed Type: Purebred

Price: USD $1500-$2000

Lifespan: 9-12 years

Breed Information

Group Working Dogs
Popularity/Rank 36
Origin Canada
Other Names Blackbear, Newf, Newfie, The Gentle Giant
Breed Type Purebred
Price (Avg.) USD $1500-$2000
How much does it cost to buy a Newfoundland?
Newfoundland are usually priced differently from breeder to breeder and from place to place. As a rough guide, you can expect to pay between $1500 to $2000 if you purchase your dog from a reputable breeder. The price will increase if the dog has a fantastic pedigree. Dogs that already have basic training maybe even more expensive. But, most Newfoundlands can be adopted through a shelter for a lower fee.
Size Giant
Weight Male: 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg),
Female: 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg)
Height Male: 27-29 inches (69-74 cm),
Female: 25-27 inches (63-69 cm)
Lifespan 9-12 years
Recognized by AKC, FCI
The American Kennel Club in 1886 as a Working breed. And FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type s
Purpose all-purpose water dog and fishing aid, draft
Date of Origin 1700s
Ancestry Tibetan mastiff

Appearance & Maintenance

Coat Fluffy, Thick, Waterproof
Coat Colors Black, Brown, Gray, White
Grooming Level
Newfoundland is very high maintenance dog. They has fluffy, thick, waterproof and large-length coats. That's why the newfoundland needs very strong grooming task.
Shedding Level
Newfoundlands can be considered heavily shedders. An ideal newfoundland has a wavy and dense coat of large-length. That makes massive amount of fur. Shedding is a normal and natural process for all dogs. But, the quantity of hair a dog sheds depends on the dog's breed type, season/weather, length of coat but sometimes it depends on pregnancy situation, health status, and specially on the type of food.
Solution: Brush regularly with right brush, and healthy diet food can reduce and control the amount of hair shedding.
Eye Color Possibilities Brown
Nose Color Possibilities Black
Coat Color Possibilities Black, Brindle, Brown, Cream, Gray, Pied
Coat Length Large
Coat Density Dense
Coat Texture Wavy
Recommended Brushes Deshedder, Nail Clipper, Pin Brush, Slicker Brush
Brushing Frequency Weekly
Recommended: (All dogs benefit from regular brushing.)

Breed Characteristics

Temperament Brave, Cheerful, Courageous, Daring, Delicate, Entertaining, Gentle, Intelligent, Loyal, Social, Sweet
According to canine psychologist Stanley Coren, Newfoundland dogs are the smartest dogs. They can understand new commands & tricks after 20-30 tries.
Newfoundlands are most trouble-free to train. Their intelligence level is high to learn commands, tricks and new things.
Newfoundland breed is moderate playful breed and they have moderate activity level. Dog's playfulness depends on activity levels and health conditions.
Some dog breeds have different signs and alerts when they want to play. But, probably the easiest dog body language to understand is a happy dog and want to play: Tail up, relax body, pupils dilated, mouth open (optional), tongue exposed and front-end lowered.
Sensitivity Level
Affection Level
Social Interaction Required
Watchdog Ability
Biting Force Low
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Prey Drive
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Fighting Dog Not really

Good & Friendly with

Apartment Life Friendly
Stranger Friendly
Cat Friendly
Dog Friendly
Office Friendly No
Senior Citizens Friendly
Pet Friendly
Friendly with First Time Owners No
Service Dog Yes
Therapy Dog Not really
Detection, Sniffer or Security Dog Not really
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
Boat Dog Yes
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Yes

Health Elements

Health Issues
Health Problems Addison's Disease, Bloat, Cancer, Cataracts, Cherry Eye, Cystinuria, Elbow Dysplasia, Epilepsy, Hip Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Hypoallergenic No
Energy Level
Exercise Required
Sleeping Required
Weight Gain Potential
Weather & Climate Prefers cold weather
Stinkiness High
Drooling tendency
Activity Level Moderate
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week 15 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day 60 minutes

Food & Costing

Avg. Daily Food 5 to 6 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Cups Per Day 4 cups
Daily Cost $3.00 - $3.40
Monthly Cost $90.00 - $102.00


Gestation Duration 60-64 days
How often can the Newfoundland have a litter? Once a year.
Litter Size 4-12 puppies (Once a year.)


The Newfoundland is a Giant sized dog breed with Avg. Weight Male: 140 pounds (63.5 kg), Female: 110 pounds (49.5 kg), Avg. Height Male: 28 inches (71.5 cm), Female: 26 inches (66 cm). This dog coat comes in different colors Brown, Black, Gray, White. with the Large outer coat. The breed also goes by the name The Gentle Giant, Blackbear, Newfie, Newf. They are ranked No. 36 the most popular dog breeds in the world.
The Newfoundland breed live around 9 to 12 years of age. If the dog is handled well and has a good diet with regular exercise, it could be 1 or 2 more years will live. Although, This dog is considered to be a most healthy breed, This dog is not a hypoallergenic breed. it can have a few health issues. Some of the major concerns are related to the Cancer, Addison's Disease, Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis, Hypothyroidism, Bloat, Cataracts, Epilepsy, Cystinuria, Cherry Eye, Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia (Health related problems are a part of life).
Some types of breed who have expertise to help people with various disabilities and impairments. Newfoundland breed have many characteristics that make them good Boat Dog, Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog, Search and Rescue Dog (SAR), Service Dog.
Cause of their size, temperament, intelligence and strength Newfoundland can become great Service dogs, Newfoundlands are such good trackers, they tend to make great search and rescue dogs, Newfoundland dogs are also good for cart pulling & drafting, having strong bodies and an innate desire to move.
Newfoundland provide many such good services that help people in different environments.


As above mentioned, the date of origin of the Newfoundland breed is 1700s. Newfoundland breed type is Purebred and relate to the Working Dogs group. Originated from Canada. This breed purpose is all-purpose water dog and fishing aid, draft and the ancestor of Newfoundland was the Tibetan mastiff. Newfoundland breed Recognitions are American Canine Registry, American Kennel Club, Canadian Kennel Club, Dog Registry of America Inc., Federation Cynologique Internationale, Kennel Club of Great B, America's Pet Registry.

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