USD $900-$1000 Price Avg.

Guard Dogs



Breed Type



12-13 years


Breed Information

Group Guard Dogs
Popularity/Rank 525
Origin Serbia Macedonia
Other Names Illyrian Shepherd Dog, Jugoslovenski ovcarski pas-sarplaninac, Macedonian Shepherd, Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog
Breed Type Purebred
Price (Avg.) USD $900-$1000
How much does it cost to purchase a Sarplaninac?
The price of a Sarplaninac will vary from breeder to breeder as well as from place to place. As a rough guide, you should expect to pay between $900 to $1000 per Sarplaninac if you purchase from a reputable breeder. Prices will be higher for show-quality dogs with a distinguished pedigree. Adult dogs who have already been trained may cost even more. It is usually less expensive to adopt a Sarplaninac through a shelter.
Size Large
Weight Male: 55-80 pounds (25-36 kg),
Female: 45-70 pounds (20-32 kg)
Height Male: 22-24 inches (55-61 cm),
Female: 21-23 inches (54-59 cm)
Lifespan 12-13 years
Recognized by
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. And Not recognized by FCI.
Purpose Herding, Guarding, Watchdog
Date of Origin Ancient
Ancestry Molosser

Appearance & Maintenance

Coat Fluffy, Waterproof
Coat Colors Black, Fawn, Gray, Sable, White
Grooming Level
Shedding Level
Eye Color Possibilities Amber, Brown
Nose Color Possibilities Black
Coat Color Possibilities Black, Brown, Cream, Fawn, Gray, Sable
Coat Length Large
Coat Density Dense
Coat Texture Straight
Recommended Brushes Deshedder, Nail Clipper, Slicker Brush
Brushing Frequency Daily

Breed Characteristics

Temperament Calm, Dedicated, Defensive, Devoted, Independent, Intelligent, Protective, Reliable
Sensitivity Level
Affection Level
Social Interaction Required
Watchdog Ability
Biting Force Low
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Prey Drive
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Fighting Dog Not really

Good & Friendly with

Apartment Life Friendly
Stranger Friendly
Cat Friendly
Dog Friendly
Office Friendly No
Senior Citizens Friendly
Pet Friendly
Friendly with First Time Owners Yes
Service Dog Not really
Therapy Dog Not really
Detection, Sniffer or Security Dog Not really
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
Boat Dog Not really
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Yes

Health Elements

Health Issues
Health Problems Bloat, Drug Sensitivity, Hip Dysplasia
Hypoallergenic No
Energy Level
Exercise Required
Sleeping Required
Weight Gain Potential
Weather & Climate Prefers cold weather
Stinkiness Low
Drooling tendency
Activity Level Low
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week 18 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day 65 minutes

Food & Costing

Avg. Daily Food 2.5 to 3.5 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals.
Cups Per Day 4.5 cups
Daily Cost $2.00 - $2.50
Monthly Cost $60.00 - $75.00


Gestation Duration 60-64 days
How often can the Sarplaninac have a litter? Once a year.
Litter Size 3-5 puppies (Once a year.)


The Sarplaninac is a large, powerful dog that originated in the mountainous regions of the former Yugoslavia. It is an ancient breed that has been used for centuries as a guard and herding dog. The Sarplaninac is a loyal and devoted companion, and it makes an excellent family pet.

Appearance: The Sarplaninac has a thick double coat that can be either short or long. Its coat colors range from white to black, with shades of gray, brown, and red in between. The ears are medium-sized and erect, while the eyes are almond-shaped and dark brown in color. The muzzle is broad with a strong jawline, while the tail is long and bushy.

Lifespan: The average lifespan of the Sarplaninac is 10 to 12 years.
Size: Males typically reach heights of 24 to 28 inches (61 to 71 cm) at the shoulder while females reach heights of 22 to 26 inches (56 to 66 cm).
Weight: Males typically weigh between 75 to 110 pounds (34 to 50 kg), while females weigh between 65 to 95 pounds (29 to 43 kg).
Colors: Common colors include white, black, gray, brown, red or any combination thereof.
Personality: The Sarplaninac is an intelligent breed with an independent streak that makes it well-suited for guarding duties or herding livestock. It has a strong protective instinct towards its family but can also be aloof towards strangers if not properly socialized from an early age. This breed loves being outdoors but also enjoys spending time indoors with its family members when given proper exercise opportunities throughout the day.
How Friendly Is It With Other Dogs? Generally speaking, this breed gets along well with other dogs if properly socialized from puppyhood onwards; however they may become aggressive towards strange dogs if not given enough exposure during their formative years or if they feel threatened by another animal’s presence in their home environment.
How Friendly Is It With Children? This breed does best when raised alongside children as it loves being part of a family unit; however due its size and strength it should always be supervised around young children as it may unintentionally knock them over due its size difference alone!
How Friendly Is It With Other Animals? As mentioned above this breed does best when raised alongside other animals such as cats; however due its natural herding instincts it may try chasing after smaller animals such as rabbits or birds so proper training should be provided from puppyhood onwards in order for them learn how behave around other animals without causing any harm!

Temperament: This breed has been bred for centuries as both guard dogs and herders so they have strong protective instincts which make them excellent watchdogs; however they can also be quite aloof towards strangers unless properly socialized from puppyhood onwards which will help ensure they remain friendly even around unfamiliar people! They are generally calm yet alert dogs who love spending time outdoors but also enjoy snuggling up indoors with their families too!

Health: Generally speaking this breed tends to have good health overall; however like all breeds there are certain health issues which could affect them such as hip dysplasia or eye problems so regular checkups should always be done by your veterinarian just in case anything arises!

Adaptability Level & Benefits As Pets: This breed adapts well both indoors and outdoors making them suitable pets for those living in apartments or houses alike; plus their loyalty means you’ll never have worry about leaving your home unattended since these dogs will always keep watch over your property no matter what! They’re also great companions who love spending time playing fetch or going on walks/hikes together making them perfect pets for those looking for active companionship throughout their lives!


The Sarplaninac is a large, powerful dog that was once used for guarding livestock in the mountainous regions of Yugoslavia and Albania. The breed is thought to be descended from the ancient Molosser dogs of Greece and Rome, and it shares many physical characteristics with other Molosser breeds such as the mastiff and the Rottweiler. The Sarplaninac was used for centuries to protect sheep and goats from predators such as wolves and bears, and they were also sometimes used as guard dogs by shepherds.

The Sarplaninac breed nearly became extinct in the early 1900s due to a combination of factors including World War I, World War II, and the Balkan Wars. During these conflicts, many Sarplaninacs were killed or taken as war trophies by soldiers. In addition, the Communist government that came to power in Yugoslavia after World War II discouraged private ownership of livestock, which led to a decline in the need for guard dogs like the Sarplaninac.

The Sarplaninac breed began to regain popularity in the 1990s, after Yugoslavia broke up into several smaller countries. There was a renewed interest in traditional livestock-guarding dogs, and the Sarplaninac was one of the breeds that benefited from this trend. The Sarplaninac is now recognized by several kennel clubs including the American Kennel Club (AKC) and is considered a rare breed.

The ancestry of the Sarplaninac dog is thought to go back to ancient Greece and Rome where they were bred as Molosser dogs. These dogs were large and powerful with thick bones and muscles which made them ideal for guarding livestock against predators such as wolves or bears. The Sarplaninac shares many physical characteristics with other Molosser breeds such as the mastiff or Rottweiler.

The Sarplaninac dog was first recognized as a breed in Yugoslavia where they were used for centuries to protect sheep and goats from predators. After nearly becoming extinct due to wars and political changes in Yugoslavia, the Sarplaninac breed has regained popularity in recent years thanks to a renewed interest in traditional livestock-guarding dogs.