St. Bernard

USD $1500-$1800 Price Avg.

Working Dogs



Breed Type



8-10 years


Breed Information

Group Working Dogs
Popularity/Rank 48
Origin Switzerland Italy
Other Names Bernhardiner, Chien St. Hubert, Sleuth Hound, St. Bernhardshund, St. Hubert Hound
Breed Type Purebred
Price (Avg.) USD $1500-$1800
How much does a St. Bernard cost?
According to a rough estimate, you will spend between $1500 to $1800 on your St. Bernard if you purchase it from a reputable breeder. If you select a dog with exceptional bloodlines, the price may be higher. The price might even be higher if the dog has already been trained. You'll usually pay less if you get a St. Bernard from a shelter.
Size Giant
Weight 110-200 pounds (50-91 kg)
Height 25.5-27.5 inches (61-70 cm)
Lifespan 8-10 years
Recognized by AKC
The American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Working breed. And Not recognized by FCI.
Purpose Companion
Date of Origin 1990s
Ancestry Cocker Spaniel and St. Bernard

Appearance & Maintenance

Coat Dense, Rough, Smooth
Coat Colors Black, Brindle, Brown, Red, Tricolor, White
Grooming Level
Shedding Level
Eye Color Possibilities Brown
Nose Color Possibilities Black
Coat Color Possibilities Black, Blue, Brindle, Brown, Cream, Fawn, Red, Sable, Silver, White
Coat Length Medium
Coat Density Dense
Coat Texture Straight
Recommended Brushes Comb, Nail Clipper, Pin Brush
Brushing Frequency Daily

Breed Characteristics

Temperament Cheerful, Delicate, Entertaining, Friendly, Gentle, Going, Happy, Independent, Peaceful, Quiet, Social
Sensitivity Level
Affection Level
Social Interaction Required
Watchdog Ability
Biting Force Moderate
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Prey Drive
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Fighting Dog Yes

Good & Friendly with

Apartment Life Friendly
Stranger Friendly
Cat Friendly
Dog Friendly
Office Friendly No
Senior Citizens Friendly
Pet Friendly
Friendly with First Time Owners No
Service Dog Not really
Therapy Dog Yes
Detection, Sniffer or Security Dog Not really
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
Boat Dog Not really
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Yes

Health Elements

Health Issues
Health Problems Allergies, Bloat, Cataracts, Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Elbow Dysplasia, Entropion, Epilepsy, Hip Dysplasia
Hypoallergenic No
Energy Level
Exercise Required
Sleeping Required
Weight Gain Potential
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness High
Drooling tendency
Activity Level Low
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week 8 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day 45 minutes

Food & Costing

Avg. Daily Food 6 to 8 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Cups Per Day 2.5 cups
Daily Cost $1.60 - $2.40
Monthly Cost $48.00 - $72.00


Gestation Duration 60-64 days
How often can the St. Bernard have a litter? Once a year.
Litter Size 6-8 puppies (Once a year.)


The St. Bernard is a large, powerful breed of dog that originated in the Swiss Alps. They are known for their strength and loyalty, and they have been used as rescue dogs for centuries. The St. Bernard is a gentle giant with an imposing appearance that can be intimidating to some people, but they are actually very friendly and loyal companions.

Appearance: The St. Bernard has a large, muscular body with a broad head and short muzzle. Their coat is thick and usually comes in shades of red or brown with white markings on the chest, feet, and face. They have long ears that hang down close to their cheeks and dark eyes that give them an alert expression.

Lifespan: The average lifespan of the St. Bernard is 8-10 years when properly cared for.
Size: The average size of the St. Bernard is 25-30 inches tall at the shoulder when fully grown
Weight: The average weight of the St. Bernard is 120-180 pounds when fully grown
Colors: Common colors include reds, browns, tans, whites, blacks, brindles (a mix of two colors), sables (a mix of three colors), or any combination thereof
Personality: The St. Bernard has a calm yet confident personality that makes them great family pets as well as working dogs in search-and-rescue operations or other activities requiring strength and endurance
Friendliness: The StBernard is very friendly towards other dogs as well as humans including children making them great family pets They also get along well with other animals such as cats if raised together from puppyhood
Temperament: This breed has an even temperament which makes them easy to train but they can be stubborn at times so patience will be needed during training sessions
Health: Generally speaking this breed does not suffer from any major health issues however like all breeds they may suffer from hip dysplasia or eye problems so regular checkups should be done by your vet
Adaptability Level : This breed adapts well to different environments however due to their size it may not be suitable for small living spaces such as apartments Benefits : As mentioned earlier this breed makes great family pets due to their even temperament and friendliness towards humans including children They are also very loyal making them excellent guard dogs Lastly due to their size they make excellent working dogs in search-and-rescue operations or other activities requiring strength


The St. Bernard is a breed of large working dog from the western Alps in Italy and Switzerland. They were originally bred for rescue work in the mountains, and are still used for that purpose in many areas today. The St. Bernard is one of the most popular breeds of dogs in the world, and is known for its loyalty, intelligence, and strength.

The history of the St. Bernard breed is a long and interesting one. The breed is believed to have originated in the Swiss Alps around 1600, and was first mentioned in a Swiss document from 1695. The document described a large dog that was used for rescue work in the mountains. The breed was later brought to Italy by monks from the Great St Bernard Hospice, where they were used for rescue work in the Alps.

The St. Bernard breed almost became extinct during the early 1800s due to a number of factors, including Napoleon's invasion of Italy and Switzerland, which led to many dogs being killed or sold off to other countries. In addition, many of the monks who had bred and cared for the dogs died during this time period. However, a few dedicated individuals kept the breed alive, and by 1884 there were enough dogs to hold a formal breeding program at the Hospice.

The St. Bernard breed became popularized by stories and paintings of them rescuing people from avalanches and other dangers in the mountains. One of the most famous stories is that of Barry, a St. Bernard who reportedly saved over 40 people from avalanches during his lifetime. In addition to their heroic reputation, St Bernards are also known for being gentle giants who are great with children and other pets.

The ancestry of the St Bernard dog is thought to include mastiffs from Asia, as well as local Swiss mountain dogs such as the Bernese Mountain Dog and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. The first recorded cross between these two types was done by monks at the Hospice in 1709, resulting in a litter of five puppies - three males and two females - which were then used to start the modern-day St Bernard lineages.

While it is not certain exactly where or when they were first recognized as a distinct breed, Saint Bernards were officially recognized by England's Kennel Club in 1885 and America's AKC soon followed suit in 1886