USD $600-$800 Price Avg.

Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)



Breed Type



10-12 years


Breed Information

Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity/Rank 240
Origin Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia
Other Names Bosnian Shepherd Dog, Bosnian and Herzegovinian Shepherd Dog, Croatian Mountain Dog
Breed Type Purebred
Price (Avg.) USD $600-$800
How much does it cost to buy a Tornjak?
Tornjak are usually priced differently from breeder to breeder and from place to place. As a rough guide, you can expect to pay between $600 to $800 if you purchase your dog from a reputable breeder. The price will increase if the dog has a fantastic pedigree. Dogs that already have basic training maybe even more expensive. But, most Tornjaks can be adopted through a shelter for a lower fee.
Size Large
Weight Male: 77-110 pounds (35–50 kg),
Female: 62-88 pounds (28–40 kg)
Height Male: 25-27 inches (65-70 cm),
Female: 23-25 inches (60-65 cm)
Lifespan 10-12 years
Recognized by FCI
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. And FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Purpose Flock Guardian
Date of Origin 500 A.D.
Ancestry Mastiff

Appearance & Maintenance

Coat Silky
Coat Colors Black, Brown, Piebald, Red, White
Grooming Level
Shedding Level
Eye Color Possibilities Brown
Nose Color Possibilities Black
Coat Color Possibilities Black, Brown, Pied, Red, White
Coat Length Large
Coat Density Dense
Coat Texture Straight
Recommended Brushes Comb, Dematter, Deshedder, Pin Brush
Brushing Frequency Weekly

Breed Characteristics

Temperament Alert, Calm, Peaceful, Persistent, Steady, Vigilant, Vigilant
Sensitivity Level
Affection Level
Social Interaction Required
Watchdog Ability
Biting Force Low
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Prey Drive
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Fighting Dog Not really

Good & Friendly with

Apartment Life Friendly
Stranger Friendly
Cat Friendly
Dog Friendly
Office Friendly No
Senior Citizens Friendly
Pet Friendly
Friendly with First Time Owners Yes
Service Dog Not really
Therapy Dog Not really
Detection, Sniffer or Security Dog Not really
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
Boat Dog Not really
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Yes

Health Elements

Health Issues
Health Problems Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, Bloat, Digestive Problems, Elbow Dysplasia, Hip Dysplasia, Obesity, Von Willebrand's Disease
Hypoallergenic No
Energy Level
Exercise Required
Sleeping Required
Weight Gain Potential
Weather & Climate Prefers cold weather
Stinkiness Medium
Drooling tendency
Activity Level Moderate
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week 10 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day 45 minutes

Food & Costing

Avg. Daily Food 3 to 5 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals.
Cups Per Day 3 cups
Daily Cost $1.50 - $1.90
Monthly Cost $39.00 - $52.00


Gestation Duration 60-64 days
How often can the Tornjak have a litter? Once a year.
Litter Size 4-7 puppies (Once a year.)


The Tornjak is a large, powerful dog breed that originated in Croatia. It is an ancient breed that has been used for centuries as a livestock guardian and herding dog. The Tornjak is known for its loyalty, intelligence, and strength. This breed is also known for its calm and gentle nature.

Appearance: The Tornjak has a strong, muscular body with a broad head and muzzle. Its ears are medium-sized and set high on the head. Its eyes are dark brown or black in color with an alert expression. The coat of the Tornjak is thick and double-layered with a wooly undercoat and coarse outer coat that can be either short or long depending on the season. Common colors include white, gray, black, tan, red, fawn, sable or brindle markings.

Lifespan: The average lifespan of the Tornjak is between 10 to 12 years when properly cared for.

Size & Weight: The average size of the Tornjak ranges from 24 to 28 inches tall at the shoulder while weighing between 70 to 90 pounds when fully grown.

Colors: Common colors include white, gray, black, tan, red fawn sable or brindle markings

Personality: The Tornjak is an intelligent breed that loves to please its owners but can also be independent at times due to its strong herding instincts. This breed loves being around people but can also be aloof towards strangers if not properly socialized from an early age. They are loyal companions who will protect their family fiercely if needed but they are not aggressive by nature unless provoked or threatened in some way

Friendliness: The Tornjaks are friendly dogs who get along well with other dogs as well as children when raised together from puppyhood onwards . They may be wary of strangers but they will warm up quickly once they get to know them better . They may also show some aggression towards other animals such as cats if not properly socialized .

Temperament: The temperament of the Tornjaks is generally calm yet alert which makes them excellent guard dogs . They have strong protective instincts which make them great watchdogs but they do not bark excessively unless there’s something wrong .

Health: Generally speaking ,the health of this breed is good however like all breeds ,they may suffer from certain health issues such as hip dysplasia ,eye problems ,and skin allergies so it’s important to keep up with regular vet checkups .

Adaptability Level :The adaptability level of this breed varies depending on how much time you spend training them from puppyhood onwards . If given proper training ,socialization ,and exercise then these dogs can adapt quite easily to different environments including living in apartments or homes without yards .

Benefits :The benefits of having a torn jac as pet include their loyalty ,intelligence ,strength ,calmness and gentleness which make them great family pets who will protect their owners fiercely if needed while still being loving companions at home .


The Tornjak is a large, powerful dog breed that hails from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Tornjak was once used as a working dog in the mountainous regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where they were used for guarding livestock and property. However, the Tornjak breed nearly became extinct during the Bosnian War in the 1990s. Thankfully, a group of dedicated breeders worked tirelessly to revive the breed and today the Tornjak is once again a popular dog breed.

The Tornjak is believed to be descended from ancient Roman Molosser dogs. These dogs were brought to Bosnia by invading Roman troops and eventually interbred with local dogs. The resulting offspring became known as the Tornjak. The name "Tornjak" comes from the Bosnian word for "mountain".

The first official record of the Tornjak breed dates back to 1885, when they were mentioned in a book about hunting dogs. However, it wasn't until 1971 that the Tornjak was recognized as an official breed by the Yugoslavian Kennel Club. In recent years, the Tornjak has become increasingly popular in Europe and North America.

The Tornjak is an intelligent, loyal and protective dog breed that makes an excellent family pet. They are also very gentle with children. If you are looking for a large dog with a calm temperament, then the Tornjak may be the perfect breed for you!